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2.2.4.

 

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

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16 1998 .)

 

- 1 1998 .

 

1.

2.

3.

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6. " "

 

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7.

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1.

 

- () 23-05-95 " ", 24940-96 " . ", " , ( 2.2.013-94), " " ( 14 1997 . N 12), - () , .

 

2.

 

2.1. :

1) ;

2) () ;

3) ;

4) ;

5) ;

6) 2.2.013-94;

7) .

2.2. . 3.

2.3. , (, , ..). 4.

2.4. .

2.5. , :

1) ;

2) ;

3) ;

4) ;

5) ( ).

2.6. .2.5. , () 23-05-95.

2.7. () 23-05-95 (. 3).

2.8. , .2.6.

2.9. .

2.10. , , 1, - 2.

 

3.

 

3.1. , , , .

, .

3.2. :

1) ;

2) ;

3) ;

4) (, , , , ..);

5) ( , , );

6) ;

7) ;

8) ;

9) , , .;

10) .

( 5).

3.3. .

3.3.1. ( ).

3.3.2. .

3.3.3. .3.3.2 , 6.

3.4. .

3.4.1. 24940-96 " . ".

3.4.2. ( ) ( , ).

.

3.4.3. , 10%.

(, ), . .

1,5.

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3.4.4. :

1) (, , );

2) ; , ;

3) .

3.4.5. , () .

, , .

, , .

, .

( ) , . .

3.5. .

3.5.1. , , (), .

3.5.2. - 23-05-95 (). , , , ( , , -, , , , ..), .

3.5.3 ( ):

1) , ;

2) , .

3.5.4. , , .

3.5.5. 15 ( ) ( ) , .

3.5.6. . ( , , , ), , . , 7.

3.5.7. ( ) :

1) ( );

2) ( 8);

3) ;

4) ;

5) , , , (. . .7.6).

3.5.8. ( ) :

1) ;

2) ;

3) ;

4) ( );

5) .

3.5.9. , " ", . 26824-86 " . ". , , , .

3.6. .

3.6.1. (. .9.1 9).

3.6.2. :

- I, II, 0,1 2 0,5;

- ;

- ;

- - ().

3.6.3. 26824-86.

 

L= /3,14, 堠 (1)

 

L - , /2;

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3.6.4. , - () , , (. .9.2 9), , , .

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3.7. .

3.7.1. . .

3.7.2. , , ( 10).

3.7.3. :

- 300 ( );

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3.7.4. , , . 3 .

 

4.

 

4.1.

 

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1 - , ( -116, -117 1 .1; "-21", "-01" .. 1=1);

2 - , ( 5%)

 

2=U/[U-(U-U)], 堠 (3)

 

U - . ;

U - . , ;

- , .2.

 

1

 

-116 -117

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| ˠ | 1,09 |

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| 1000 | 1,06 |

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2

 

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4.2. (, , , , ) ( 11).

 

5.

 

5.1. , . ( 11) .

5.2. 1- =0,6. , , 6.

5.3. , 23-05-95 () , .

23-05-95 ( 12).

( , . 3) 23-05-95 ( 13).

, , ( 300 ) 40 .

, I, II, III (, , ) 10 ( 20) I II 20 ( 40) III .

 

3

 

( 1- )

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| | I | II | III| IV | V, VI, VII, VIIIa|VIII,|VIII|

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5.4. () .

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4

 

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|III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIIIa | 40 |

 

5

 

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| 堠 | 10 | 15 | 20 |

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5.5. , " " ( 14).

 

6. " "

 

6.1. , , , . , . .

6.2. " " :

1) >=0,6 2;

2) 0,1<=KE<0,6 3.1;

3) 0<=<0,1 3.2.

- 3.1, ;

- 3.2, ;

4) , , .

6.3. " " " " .

6.4. "" .6.

 

6

 

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6.5. " " " " :

1) 2, (<=, <=);

2) 3.1, (>, >).

6.6. " " :

1) 2, , ;

2) 3.1, .

6.7. " " , . () " ".

6.8. "" " " .

6.9. , :

- ;

- ( ) ( ) ;

- : 2 - 0,0; 3.1 - 1,0; 3.2 - 2,0;

- , ( ), ;

- (G) :

- 2, 0<=G<0,5; 3.1, 0,5<=G<1,5; 3.2, 1,5<=G<2,0.

6.10. V-VIII , , , , .

 

..

 

,

..

 

1

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

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|6 | 17677-82,29.06.87, |, 堠 |

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2

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

|NN |堠 | ࠠ |

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| | | | | |

|3 | -116 |5-100000 ꠠ |堠 | 1,75 |

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|4 | -117 |0,1-100000 ꠠ |堠 | 2,0 |

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|5 |- ࠠ |10-200000 ꠠ |堠 | 0,39 |

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|7 | נ |0,2-50000 /2 | 220, 50;| 14,5 |

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3

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

3.1. . 23-05-95 () .

23-05-95 , , . , . , , , . , , . () , , , , .

() 23-05-95. : () .

() :

1)

- ;

- ();

- ( , , , );

- ;

- ;

- ( , ..);

2) , , .

() , .1, , 23-05-95.

3.2. () , , 23-05-95.

. , , , , .

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1) (, , , ) (, , );

2) (, , ), "" "" ( <0,2), "" ( 0,2<=<=0,4) "" ( >0,4);

3) ( , , ), , , ;

4) :

 

=|(L-L)|/L,

 

Lo - , /2;

L - , /2.

>0,5 ( ), 0,2<=<=0,5 ( ) <0,2 ( );

5) ( );

6) ( , , ..);

7) , , , , , , , , , 40 ..;

8) .

.1 .6 , . .. 2-4 . .. 5 7 (, , ).

.8 .

 

4

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

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| 2 | 17, 08, 18, 18 |

| 3 | 17, 05 |

| 1 | 05, 08, 18, 17, 18, 17 |

| Ǡ | 17 |

| 1 | 08, 13, 17 |

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5

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

()

 

1. _________________________________________________

2. ____________________________________

3. *(1):

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

______________________________________________

_____________________________________________

4. ( ) *(1):

( ) ________________________________

_________________________________________

( ) ________________________________

__________________________

___________________________________________________

5. :

_____________________________________________________

____________________________________________

______________________________

6. ________________

7. , _________________________

8. ________________________________________________________

9. _________________________________________________________

10. ___________________________________________

11. ______________________________

12. , , ,

_________________________________________________________________________

13.

_________________________________________________________________________

14. "" _________________________

15. ,

" " __________________________________

16. , % ________________________________________

17. , ,

18.

19. N _____________________________________________________

20. ____________________________________________

21.

*(2)

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

22. *(3) ____________________________________________

23. ,

( 4) *(4) _________________

 

*(1) .

*(2) .

*(3) " " .

*(4) .

 

6

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

6.1.

 

, , 2-5 (. .6.1), :

 

= m,

 

- ;

- I ;

m - , . . 6.2

 

.6.1

 

|| |

|-| |

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|1 |, , , , , -|

| |, , , , , -|

| |, , , , , -|

| |, , , ( 63|

| |..), () ( 63 ..), |

| |., ( 55 ..) |

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|2 |, , , , , -|

| |, , , , , -|

| |, , , , -|

| |- , - , -|

| | , , - . |

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| | () ( 63 ..), , -|

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|4 |, 蠠 |

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|5 | , , ,|

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.6.2

 

(m)

| | "m" , |

| | ࠠ |

| ||

|⠠ | , -, | , | , -,|

| | -ꠠ | ꠠ | -ꠠ |

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| 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

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| 2 | 0,9 | 0,9 | 0,85 |

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| 3 | 1,1 | 1,1 | 1 |

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| 4 | 1,2 | 1,1 | 1,1 |

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| 5 | 0,8 | 0,8 | 0,8 |

 

6.2.

 

, , " " N 5-6/96.

 

6.3.

 

23-05-95.

, , :

- - 1 ;

- - , 1,5 .

.

, . 1 .

.

( , ).

(, ).

, . .

. :

 

=100 / , %

 

, .

6.4. " ".

 

7

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

7.1.

( )

 

:

1) ;

2) ( );

3) 15h, (h - );

4) () 17677-82 ( . .4).

.7.1-.7.2 (10) - 250 (). 0,1 ( - ""). , .

, , :

 

=0,1 . . /,

 

. - ;

- , () . .7.3;

- , , , . .7.4;

- .

. .7.5.

 

.7.1

 

(10)-250

| ,* | h, 젠 | , 젠 |

|ࠠ |||

| | | 3 | 6 | 12 | 3 | 6 | 12 |

| |||

| | | 1/h |

| |||

| | | 0,4 | 0,8 |

|||||

|2, 15h | 6,4 | 5 | 12 | - | 6 | 15 | - |

| | 10,0 | 5 | 6 | 17 | 6 | 8 | 20 |

| | 24,4 | 5 | 5 | 5 | 6 | 6 | 6 |

|||||||||

|1, 15h | 5,2 | 7 | 17 | - | 8 | 22 | - |

| | 7,6 | 7 | 9 | 24 | 8 | 11 | 31 |

| | 10,0 | 6 | 6 | 17 | 7 | 7 | 22 |

| | 24,4 | 6 | 6 | 6 | 7 | 7 | 7 |

||||

| | | 1/h |

||||

| | | 0,5 | 1,2 |

|||||

|3, 15h | 5,2 | 9 | 18 | - | 11 | 23 | - |

| | 7,6 | 8 | 9 | 23 | 11 | 12 | 37 |

| | 13,6 | 8 | 8 | 10 | 10 | 10 | 13 |

||||

| | | 1/h |

||||

| | | 0,8 | 1,6 |

|||||

|2, 15h | 4,0 | 14 | 31 | - | 17 | 39 | - |

| | 5,2 | 12 | 19 | 64 | 15 | 24 | 82 |

| | 13,6 | 11 | 12 | 14 | 13 | 14 | 17 |

|||||||||

|1, 15h | 4,0 | 18 | 31 | - | 22 | 37 | - |

| | 4,8 | 17 | 24 | 81 | 20 | 29 | 96 |

| | 7,6 | 16 | 18 | 31 | 19 | 20 | 37 |

| | 13,6 | 16 | 16 | 19 | 18 | 19 | 22 |

|||||||||

|3, 15h | 4,0 | 31 | 44 | - | 35 | 51 | - |

| | 5,2 | 30 | 31 | 55 | 33 | 35 | 64 |

| | 10,0 | 27 | 28 | 33 | 30 | 31 | 36 |

|||||||||

|1, 5h | 1,7 | 67 | - | - | 77 | - | - |

| | 2,8 | 75 | 75 | - | 82 | 84 | - |

| | 5,2 | 74 | 70 | 74 | 81 | 76 | 81 |

|||||||||

|1, 15h | 1,7 | 348 | - | - | 387 | - | - |

| | 2,4 | 255 | 344 | - | 280 | 373 | - |

| | 3,4 | 223 | 268 | - | 243 | 292 | - |

| | 5,2 | 205 | 210 | 292 | 221 | 227 | 307 |

| | 6,4 | 198 | 200 | 232 | 219 | 220 | 248 |

||||

| | | 1/h |

||||

| | | 1,0 | 1,6 |

|||||

|2, 5h | 2,8 | 41 | 72 | - | 45 | 82 | - |

| | 4,0 | 36 | 47 | - | 40 | 52 | - |

| | 5,2 | 35 | 39 | 73 | 38 | 42 | 82 |

| | 6,4 | 34 | 36 | 46 | 37 | 39 | 52 |

|||||||||

|2, 10h | 2,8 | 50 | 93 | - | 55 | 105 | - |

| | 4,0 | 41 | 57 | - | 47 | 64 | - |

| | 5,2 | 41 | 47 | 95 | 44 | 51 | 106 |

| | 6,4 | 40 | 43 | 69 | 43 | 46 | 77 |

|||||||||

|2, 15h | 2,8 | 51 | 96 | - | 56 | 108 | - |

| | 4,0 | 44 | 59 | - | 48 | 66 | - |

| | 6,4 | 41 | 44 | - | 43 | 47 | - |

||||

| | | 1/h |

||||

| | | 1,2 | 2,2 |

|||||

|1, 5h | 1,7 | 13 | - | - | 16 | - | - |

| | 2,8 | 121 | 13 | - | 151 | 17 | - |

| | 5,2 | 148 | 113 | 13 | 182 | 140 | 17 |

|||||||||

|, 5h | 1,7 | 71 | - | - | 84 | - | - |

| | 2,8 | 78 | 78 | - | 88 | 92 | - |

| | 5,2 | 77 | 73 | 76 | 85 | 81 | 88 |

 

.7.2

 

,

40 (40)

| | | - |

| | h, 젠 | |

| ࠠ | | 蠠 |

| | | l/h |

| | ||

| | | 0,8 | 1,0 | 1,2 | 1,6 |

|||||||

| 2 ( - | 2,4 | 38 | 38 | 40 | 43 |

|, , Yb=7 Yn=15) | 2,8 | 32 | 34 | 36 | 38 |

| | 4,8 | 28 | 30 | 31 | 32 |

| | 8,8 | 20 | 20 | 21 | 22 |

| | | | | | |

| 3 ( - | 2,4 | 34 | 36 | 38 | 40 |

|, , Yb=15, Yn= 15)| 2,8 | 30 | 32 | 33 | 34 |

| | 3,4 | 24 | 26 | 26 | 28 |

| | 8,8 | 20 | 20 | 21 | 22 |

| | | | | | |

| 4 ( - | 2,4 | 16 | 20 | 23 | 25 |

|, , Yb=30, Yn=30) | 3,4 | 15 | 16 | 18 | 22 |

| | 8,8 | 12 | 14 | 15 | 16 |

| | | | | | |

| 1 (  | 2,8 | 27 | 28 | 28 | - |

|, Yb=7, | 3,4 | 24 | 25 | 25 | - |

|Yn=30) | 4,8 | 20 | 21 | 21 | - |

| | 8,8 | 16 | 16 | 17 | - |

| | | | | | |

| 5 ( - | 1,7 | 28 | 28 | 30 | 34 |

|) | 2,4 | 22 | 24 | 25 | 28 |

| | 4,8 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 20 |

| | | | | | |

| 6 ( -| 3,4 | 55 | 57 | 58 | 61 |

|, ) | 4,8 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 54 |

| | 8,8 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 41 |

| | | | | | |

| 7 ( -| 3,4 | 50 | 54 | 57 | 60 |

|, ) | 4,8 | 43 | 46 | 47 | 50 |

| | 8,8 | 32 | 34 | 35 | 47 |

| | ||

| | | 1/h |

| | ||

| | | 1,3 | 1,5 | 1,8 | 2,0 |

| | | | | | |

| 8 ( Imax | 1,7 | 53 | 69 | 97 | 118 |

| 35, Yb=30, Yn=30) | 2,4 | 34 | 47 | 63 | 77 |

| | 2,8 | 30 | 38 | 54 | 66 |

| | 3,4 | 25 | 32 | 46 | 56 |

| | 4,8 | 20 | 25 | 35 | 43 |

||

| . 1. Y, Yn - 頠 |

| . |

| 2. .7.6. |

 

.7.3

 

| Ѡ | 렠 | Ѡ | 렠 |

|||||

| (6) | 1,08 | Ġ | 1,12 |

| Ƞ | 1,46 | ֠ | 1,08 |

| Ҡ | 1,10 | | 1,11 |

| ͠ | 1,22 |   | 0,91 |

| | | Š | 0,94 |

 

.7.4

 

| , | 𠠠 |

| , ࠠ | |

|||

| 0,7 0,5 0,3 | 0,80 |

| 0,7 0,5 0,1 | 0,85 |

| 0,5 0,3 0,1 | 0,90 |

| 0,3 0,3 0,1 | 0,95 |

| 0 0 0 | 1,00 |

 

.7.5

 

()

| 蠠 | , . . |

|||

|1. : | |

| | 0,82-0,76 |

| | 0,70-0,60 |

| | |

|2. : | |

| , 򠠠 | 0,65 |

| ꠠ | 0,65-0,58 |

| | |

|3. : | |

| | 0,42 |

| | 0,30-0,20 |

| ( ) | 0,20-0,15 |

| | |

|4. : | |

| | 0,80 |

| | 0,75-0,65 |

| ( ) | 0,20-0,15 |

| | |

|5. : | |

| 堠 | 0,32 |

| | 0,25-0,20 |

| ( ) | 0,10-0,08 |

| | |

|6. | 0,10-0,08 |

| | |

|7. : | |

| | 0,50 |

| ࠠ | 0,38 |

| 頠 | 0,33 |

| | 0,18 |

| | |

|8. 𠠠 | 0,80 |

| | |

|9. ࠠ | 0,70 |

| | |

|10. : | |

| , , -堠 | 0,85-0,65 |

| -, -, | |

| , -堠 | 0,65-0,45 |

| 堠 | 0,25 |

| | |

|11.  | 0,02 |

| | |

|12. 򠠠 | 0,005 |

| | |

|13. ( 2-3 ) | 0,30 |

| | |

|14. ( 1-2 ) | 0,08 |

| | |

|15. ( 1-2 ) | 0,10 |

| | |

|16. ࠠ | 0,80-0,70 |

| | |

|17. ࠠ | 0,60-0,50 |

| | |

|18. ࠠ | 0,76 |

| | |

|19.  | 0,80-0,60 |

| | |

|20. | 0,20-0,08 |

| | |

|21. 頠 | 0,45 |

| 頠 | 0,28 |

| | |

|22. ࠠ | 0,66 |

 

.7.6

 

|| | , ., | |

|-|Ѡ | , | ⠠ |

| | || |

| | || | |

||

| 蠠 |

||

|1 |,à | 30 | - |13 |

|2 |Ġ | 15 | - |, -, 02, 06 |

|3 |Ġ | 15 | 15 |, , -, 02, 06 |

| | | | | |

|4 |Ġ |30(.)| 30 |, 02 |

| | | | | |

|5 |Ġ |90(.)|90(.) |, 6, , , |

| | | | |31,33 |

| | | | | |

|6 |Ġ |15(.)| - | Р |

| | | | | |

|7 |Ġ |15(.)| 15 | , |

| | | | | 頠 |

| | | | | |

|8 |1 | 30 | 30 |13 |

||

| ˠ |

||

|11 |ʠ | 30 | 30 |,10 |

|12 |ʠ | 15 | 15 |35, 05, 13, 18 |

|13 |à | 30 | 30 |, , 17, 10 |

|14 |à | 15 | 15 |34, 05/, 08, |

| | | | |13, 18, 2-, |

| | | | |2-24, -, 4, |

| | | | |42, 44, 45ˠ |

|15 |Ġ | 30 | 30 |2, Ġ |

|16 |Ġ | 15 | 15 |"", 2, 08, |

| | | | |11, 05, 13, , |

| | | | |18, 11, /4 |

|17 |1 | 30 | 30 |, Ӡ |

|18 |1 | 15 | 15 |08 |

|19 |( - | 90 | 90 |-02, -21, 02, |

| |젠 |()|() |45, HT2H, 4͠ |

| |- | | | |

| |- | | | |

| |) | | | |

||

| -蠠 |

||

|20 |ʠ | 15 | 15 |Ǡ |

|21 |ʠ | - | - | ʠ |

|22 |à | - | - | Ѡ |

|23 |Ġ | - | - |Р |

 

7.2.

( )

 

. .7.7. 1 ., ., , , (. .7.8).

 

.7.7

 

| | 頠 | , |

|ࠠ | - ||

|(- |, | ͠ | ˠ |

|, | , 젠 | | |

|) | | | |

|||||

|Y=15 堠 | - | 3,5 | 3,5 |

|||||

|Y<15 | 5000 | 6,5 | 7 |

|堠 | 5000 10000 | 7 | 7,5 |

| |. 10000 20000 | 7,5 | 8 |

| |. 20000 30000 | - | 9 |

| |. 30000 40000 | - | 10 |

| |. 40000 | - | 11,5 |

| | | | |

|Y<15 | 5000 | 7 | 7,5 |

|堠 | 5000 10000 | 8 | 8,5 |

| |. 10000 20000 | 9 | 9,5 |

| |. 20000 30000 | - | 10,5 |

| |. 30000 40000 | - | 11,5 |

| |. 40000 | - | 13 |

|||||

| | 6000 | 3 | 3 |

|ࠠ | 6000 | 4 | 4 |

 

.7.8

 

| | 0,5 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 5 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 50 |

|, | | | | | | | | | |

|||||||||||

|1/2 | 100 |150 |250 | 300 | 400 | 700 | 1400 | 2100|3500 |

 

8

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

, , :

1) ;

2) ;

3) .

, . () 23-05-95.

, , , .

, . , ( -). , , , .

 

9

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

.9.1

 

| , 2 | |

| | , /2 |

|||

| 0,0001 | 2000 |

| 0,0001 0,001 | 1500 |

| 0,001 0,01 | 1000 |

| 0,01 0,1 | 750 |

| 0,1 | 500 |

 

.9.2

 

, ,

I-IV

| , - | - | |

|, - |  | -|

| (L) | - | |

| | |ࠠ |

||

| |

|(, , |

| ) |

||

|, , - | - | |

| , | - | |

|L=2500-4000 /2 | | |

| |  | |

||

| , |

|(, ) |

||

|, - | 頠 | |

| -| -| |

|*, L = 70000- | -| |

|100000 /2 | | |

||

|, |

| (, |

| , ,|

| , , |

|) |

||

|, L - | 頠 |堠 |

| | | |

| | - | |

| | | |

| | | |

||

| , |

| (, ࠠ |

| ) |

||

|, L - | 頠 |堠 |

| | - | |

| |  | |

| | - | |

| | | |

||

|* |

| . |

 

10

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

() :

- , , - ( );

- ( ) ;

- ( );

- .

. .10.1.

 

.10.1

 

| Ѡ | , % , |

| | 堠 |

| ||

| | | | |

|||||

| | | | |

| : | | | |

| ˠ | 58 | 28 | 2 |

| (N,S) | 48 | 23 | 2 |

| (Na,In,Tl) | 37 | 18 | 2 |

| Ҡ | 77 | 38 | 6 |

| : | | | |

| | 34 | 14 | 3 |

| Ġ | 55 | 23 | 5 |

| ֠ | 72 | 30 | 7 |

| Ҡ | 26 | 11 | 2 |

| ֠ | 64 | 27 | 6 |

 

, . . .10.2, - . .10.3.

 

.10.2

 

,

( "+")

| 蠠 | , % |

|  ||

| | 10 | 15 | 20 |

|||||

| | | | |

| - | | | |

|: | | | |

| , 堠 | | | |

|, 젠 | | | |

| 蠠 | + | + | + |

| , 堠 | | | |

|,  | | | |

| | | | |

| : | | | |

| | - | + | + |

| | - | + | + |

| ֠ | - | - | - |

| Ġ | - | + | + |

| ⠠ | | - | - |

| h*>=2: | | | |

| 젠 | | | |

| 堠 | | | |

| , | + | + | + |

| , : | | | |

| | + | + | + |

| | - | + | + |

| Ġ | - | - | + |

| 젠 | | | |

| 堠 | | | |

| ; , | | | |

| , - | | | |

| 蠠 | | | |

| ; | | | |

| ⠠ | + | + | + |

||

|*h - . |

 

.10.3

 

,

|| 蠠 |/h | b/h, |

|| - | | , %, 堠 |

| |⠠ | ||

| | | | 10 | 15 | 20 | 30 |

||

| 16 |

||

| 1 | | - |0,45 |0,6 |0,7 |0,9 |

| |----Ѡ | | | | | |

| | | - |0,8 |1,1 |1,3 |1,8 |

| |-----Ѡ | | | | | |

| | | | | | | |

| 2 | |0,3 |0,7/0,9 |1,0/1,1 |1,2/1,4 |1,8 |

|| 䠠 |0,6 |0,6 |0,9 |1,1 |1,6 |

| |-----Ѡ |0,9 |0,35/0,5|0,7 |0,95 |1,2/1,3 |

| | 䠠 |1,2 |0,3/0,5 |0,65 |0,8 |1,1 |

| |----- .. |1,8 |0,2/0,45|0,6 |0,75 |1,0 |

| | |0,3 |0,8/0,4 |1,2/1,4 |1,8 |1,8 |

| | 䠠 |0,6 |0,8/0,4 |1,2 |1,8 |1,8 |

| |-----Ѡ |0,9 |0,8/0,4 |1,15 |1,7/1,8 |1,8 |

| | 䠠 |1,2 |0,8/0,4 |1,1 |1,6/1,7 |1,8 |

| |----- | | | | | |

| | .. |1,8 |0,8/0,4 |1,1 |1,4/1,6 |1,8 |

||

| 14 |

||

| 1 | | - |0,45 |0,5 |0,6 |0,7 |

| |-----Ѡ | | | | | |

| | | - |0,55 |0,75 |0,96 |1,2 |

| |-----Ѡ | | | | | |

| 2 | |0,3 |0,55/0,8|0,7/0,9 |0,9/1,0 |1,2 |

|| 䠠 |0,45 |0,5/0,65|0,65/0,8|0,8/0,9 |1,2 |

| |-----Ѡ |0,6 |0,5 |0,65 |0,75 |1,1 |

| | 䠠 |0,75 |0,45 |0,6 |0,7 |0,85 |

| |----- |0,9 |0,4 |0,5 |0,65 |0,8 |

| | .. | | | | | |

| | |1,2 |0,4 |0,45 |0,6 |0,7 |

| | 䠠 |0,3 |0,6/0,5 |0,9/0,7 |1,2/1,0 |1,2 |

| |--- |0,45 |0,6/0,5 |0,85/0,7|1,2/1,0 |1,2 |

| |---Ѡ |0,6 |0,6/0,5 |0,85/0,7|1,2/1,0 |1,2 |

| | 䠠 |0,9 |0,6/0,5 |0,8/0,7 |1,1/1,0 |1,2 |

| |----- |1,2 |0,6/0,5 |0,7 |1,0 |1,2 |

| | .. | | | | | |

||

|. |

|1. , : l - |

|; b - ; h - |

|. |

|2. , l/h , |

| , - |

|. |

|3. . .7.6. |

 

, .10.2-.10.3, .10.4-.10.5 :

1. , , , :

 

=+b+

 

2. , . , , 100%, (b, c) .

3. .10.4 ( ), .10.5 ( ) .10.6 ( ) b =100%. =0.

4. :

 

= /100

 

. .10.1.

 

.10.4

 

(=100%, Ea=100%)

| Eb, % |,% |

|| |

| 0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 |90 | 100 | 100 |

|||||||||||||

| 100| 89 | 79 | 72 | 65 | 60 | 55 | 51 | 48 | 45 | 42 | 0 |

| | 77 | 69 | 63 | 57 | 52 | 48 | 45 | 42 | 39 | 37 | 10 |

| | | 61 | 55 | 50 | 45 | 42 | 39 | 37 | 34 | 32 | 20 |

| | | | 49 | 44 | 40 | 37 | 35 | 32 | 30 | 28 | 30 |

| | | | | 39 | 35 | 33 | 30 | 28 | 26 | 23 | 40 |

| | | | | | 31 | 29 | 26 | 24 | 22 | 20 | 50 |

| | | | | | | 26 | 23 | 21 | 19 | 17 | 60 |

| | | | | | | | 21 | 18 | 17 | 15 | 70 |

| | | | | | | | | 16 | 14 | 12 | 80 |

| | | | | | | | | | 12 | 10 | 90 |

| | | | | | | | | | | 9 | 100 |

 

.10.5

 

(=100%, Ea=100%)

| Eb, % |,% |

|| |

| 0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 | 100 |

|||||||||||||

| 100| 87 | 78 | 70 | 64 | 60 | 56 | 53 | 51 | 50 | 49 | 0 |

| | 75 | 67 | 60 | 55 | 51 | 48 | 46 | 44 | 43 | 42 | 10 |

| | | 58 | 52 | 47 | 43 | 40 | 38 | 37 | 36 | 35 | 20 |

| | | | 45 | 40 | 37 | 34 | 32 | 31 | 30 | 30 | 30 |

| | | | | 35 | 31 | 29 | 27 | 25 | 25 | 25 | 40 |

| | | | | | 27 | 24 | 22 | 21 | 20 | 20 | 50 |

| | | | | | | 20 | 18 | 17 | 16 | 15 | 60 |

| | | | | | | | 15 | 13 | 12 | 12 | 70 |

| | | | | | | | | 10 | 8 | 8 | 80 |

| | | | | | | | | | 6 | 5 | 90 |

| | | | | | | | | | | 3 | 100 |

 

.10.6

 

(=100%, Ea=100%)

| Eb, % |,% |

|| |

| 0 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 | 100 |

|||||||||||||

| 100| 69 | 62 | 56 | 52 | 49 | 46 | 43 | 41 | 39 | 38 | 0 |

| | 59 | 53 | 49 | 45 | 42 | 40 | 38 | 35 | 34 | 33 | 10 |

| | | 46 | 42 | 39 | 37 | 35 | 32 | 31 | 30 | 28 | 20 |

| | | | 37 | 34 | 32 | 30 | 28 | 27 | 26 | 25 | 30 |

| | | | | 29 | 27 | 26 | 25 | 23 | 22 | 22 | 40 |

| | | | | | 23 | 22 | 21 | 20 | 19 | 18 | 50 |

| | | | | | | 19 | 18 | 17 | 16 | 15 | 60 |

| | | | | | | | 15 | 14 | 13 | 12 | 70 |

| | | | | | | | | 12 | 11 | 10 | 80 |

| | | | | | | | | | 9 | 8 | 90 |

| | | | | | | | | | | 6 | 100 |

 

11

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

1. , , ____________________

_________________________________________________________________________

2. ______________________________________________

3. , ____________________

4. _____________________________________________

5. ____________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________________

7. , % ______________________________________________

8. ______________________________________________

9.

| | | | 젠 |

|, , | ࠠ | 堠 | |

| 蠠 | | | |

|||||

|,% | | | |

|, : | | | |

|, .. | | | |

|,% | | | |

| | | | |

 

10. _______________________

11. ______________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

12. , _____________________________________

13. , , , ,

,

_________________________________________________________________________

14.  , 蠠 (蠠

), 頠 ꠠ

_________________________________________________________________________

 

12

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

23-05-95, . ( , ): 0,2; 0,3; 0,5; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 10; 15; 20; 30; 50; 75; 100; 150; 200; 300; 400; 500; 600; 750; 1000; 1250; 1500; 2000; 2500; 3000; 3500; 4000; 4500; 5000.

- .

:

) , 750 ;

) I-V, VII;

) VI VIII.

 

13

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

 

, , .

, :

) , I, II III ;

) , ..

23-05-95 .

. . 23-05-95 :

1. ( 750 ) .

2. ( 1, 1, 11), 750 300 . , 1, 1, 11a.

, , .

 

14

2.2.4.706-98/ 01-98

 

|N |䠠 |堠 |, | |- |- | |.|

|/||- |, |- | | | -|., |

| | | , |-|-|- |-| |. |

| | | - | | | | |.| |

| | | |- |-|.| | | |

| | | | ||| | | |

||||||||||

| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 |

||||||||||

| | |堠 | | | | | | |

| | |: | | | | | | |

| |4.67 |, % | | | | | | |

||||||||||

| | | | | | | | | |

| | |: - | | | | | | |

| |4.68 |, :| | | | | | |

| | | 堠 | | | | | | |

| | | - | | | | | | |

| | |: 蠠 | | | | | | |

| | | - | | | | | | |

| | | | | | | | | |

| | |, ⠠ | | | | | | |

| | |.. | | | | | | |

| |4.69 |, . . | | | | | | |

| |4.70 | | | | | | | |

| | |* | | | | | | |

| |4.71 |,% | | | | | | |

||

|* . |

 

..

 

..

 

, ,

 

- , (, ) .

- , .

- , .

() - , , ; .

- , ( ) ( ).

() - , , , .

- , .

() - .

- , ( ) . , , .

- , .

- , 0,8 .

- , , .

- , , .

() - .

() - ; ().

() - ; .

() - ; .

() - ; .

-

- ()

-

-

-

- .

-

-

- .

-

-

- .

- .

-

-

-

- .

-

- .

-

- -

- .

 

 

1. 23-05-95. / - .: "", 1995. - 35 .

2. . - .: , 1987. - 648 .

 

. . . 6 1999 .

 

3. . 14.03.97 N 12 - 108.

4. , : . - .: - , 1994 - 44 .

5. .., .., .. . - .: , 1991. - 225 .

6. / . ... - .: , 1995. - 528 .

7. 24940-96. . . - .: , 1997. - 25 .

8. 26824-86. . . - .: , 1986. - 14 .

9. 17677-82 ( 3182-81). . .-: , 1989. - 112 .

10. . . - NN 5-6, 1996. - 15 .





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